Tripura is a hilly state in northeast India, having a total area of 10492 Sq kms, the state of Tripura was formed on 21 January 1972. The state is surrounded by Bangladesh on its north, west and south. On its eastern side, it is surrounded by the state of Mizoram and Assam. Agartala is the capital of this state. According to 2011 census, Tripura has a population of 36,73,032. It constitutes around 0.3% of the total population of the country. The indigenous communities that are known as ST (Scheduled Tribes) in India form 30% of the population in Tripura. The state has 19 tribes.
The languages that are mainly spoken in this state are Kokborok and Bengali. This state was ruled by the Tripuri dynasty for many centuries. It was considered as a princely state at the time of the British rule. In the year 1949, it became a part of independent India. The ethnic strife and conflict between the Bengali population and indigenous people have led to scattered violence and tension since the integration of the state in this country. On the other hand, the institution of an independent tribal administrative organisation and various strategies has calmed the situation. National Highway 44 is the only main highway that connects this state with the rest of India.
The former princely state Tripura (Hill Tipperah) finds mentioned in ancient Indian texts such as the Mahabharata and the Ain-I-Akbari and a pillar erected by the king Samudragupta, now in Allahabad. The history of this proud kingdom is recorded in the Rajmala, the state chronicle maintianed by Brahmin purohits. Ruled once by a series of 183 kings, the kingdom reached its zenith in 1490 under Dhanya Manikya. Tripura has been greatly influence by Bengal culturally and spiritually. The cultural and religious learnings of about 20 different tribal communities, in addition to all this makes Tripura a wonderful amalgam of cross-cultural diversity. Though each ethnic community enjoys its own individual cultural strengths, this melting point is often regarded to as a laboratory of exotic culture synthesis.