The State of Nagaland formally came into existence on 1st December, 1963, as the 16th State of the Indian Union. It is bounded by Assam in the West, Myanmar in the east, Arunachal Pradesh in the North and Manipur in the South. Nagaland has 11 Administrative Districts, inhabited by 16 major tribes and many other sub-tribes. Nagaland is a land of folklore passed down the generations through word of mouth. Music is an integral part of life; folk songs eugolising ancestors, the brave deeds of warriors and traditional heroes; poetic love songs immortalising ancient tragic love stories; Gospel songs that touch your soul (should you have a religious bend of mind) or the modern tunes rendered exquisitely to set your feet a-tapping.
Each tribes and sub-tribes that dwell in this exotic hill State can easily be distinguished by the colourful and intricately designed cosumes, jewellery and beads that they adorn. The traditional ceremonial attire of each tribe is in itself, an awe inspiring sight to behold; the multicoloured spears and daos decorated with dyed goats hair, the headgear made of finely woven bamboo interlaced with orchid stems, adorned with boar’s teeth and hornbill’s feather, elephant tusk armlets….. You name it! In days of yore every warrior had to earn each of these items through acts of valour, to wear them.
Nature could not have been kinder to Nagaland, sometimes referred to as the Switzerland of the East; the exquisitely picturesque landscapes, the vibrantly colourful sunrise and sunset, lush and verdant flora….. this is a land that represents unimaginable beauty, moulded perfectly for a breath taking experience.
Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid stock, whose ancestors lived off nature’s abundant gifts, blessed with sturdy formidable dispositions. Above all, the people here are warm hearted and extremely hospitable! You will feel it in the air!
Nagaland is blessed with salubrious climate throughout the year and one can visit it anytime. If one is looking for a quiet getaway, from the hustle and bustle of city life, it provides the right ambience; as life here is laidback and slow – providing a tension free life.
For the adventurous and the intrepid, Nagaland is an ideal place for trekking, rock climbing, jungle camping and offers limitless exploration possibilities in its lush and verdant sub-tropical rain forests which are also a treasure trove of a plethora of medicinal plants.
Nagas, by nature, are lovers of fun and frolic and dance and songs are a part and parcel of all their festivities.
Nagaland Travel Information
HOW TO GET THERE?
The state has its airport in Dimapur, which is regularly serviced by major airlines (Indigo & Air India). The city is linked to Kolkata by air. Tourists then have to travel to Kohima by road after reaching Dimapur. It takes 2 and a half hours to reach Dimapur by road.
A good road network covers the state. The state capital Kohima is linked to Shillong and Guwahati, which are important cities in North Eastern India. First proceed to Dimapur and then travel to Kohima.
The major railway station in the state is Dimapur, which is linked to Guwahati. Guwahati is in turn connected to the rest of the country by important trains.
Nagaland has a largely monsoon climate with high humidity levels. Annual rainfall averages around 70–100 inches (1,800–2,500 mm), concentrated in the months of May to September. Temperatures range from 70 °F (21 °C) to 104 °F (40 °C). In winter, temperatures do not generally drop below 39 °F (4 °C), but frost is common at high elevations. The state enjoys a salubrious climate. Summer is the shortest season in the state that lasts for only a few months. The temperature during the summer season remains between 16 °C (61 °F) to 31 °C (88 °F). Winter makes an early arrival and bitter cold and dry weather strikes certain regions of the state. The maximum average temperature recorded in the winter season is 24 °C (75 °F). Strong northwest winds blow across the state during the months of February and March.
Inner Line Permit (ILP)
The Inner Line Permit is an official travel document issued by the Government of Nagaland to allow inward travel of Indian citizens of other states into a protected/restricted area for a limited period. It is obligatory for every Indian citizens other than Nagaland to obtain permit for entering into the protected state of Nagaland. This undertaking is an effort by the Government of Nagaland to regulate the prevailing issue of Illegal immigration and to generate vital statistics for Tourism and other inter-state businesses. The Inner Line Permit segregates the tourists and Govt. official of other states from the other categories to promote tourism and development. Hence a separate Inner Line Permit (ILP) is issued. The Inner Line Permit (ILP) Regulation Act (Section III of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1873) is in operation in the Naga Hill district (Present Nagaland state) since 1873. It has been promulgated to safeguard the identity and the very existence of the indigenous people of Nagaland from exploitation by outsiders.
Inner Line Permits can be obtained from the Resident Commissioner’s office of Nagaland House in New Delhi and Kolkata and all district administration offices in the state of Nagaland.
Alder Tours and Travels also offers Inner Line Permit services for travellers. Tourist and visitors can apply online and the processing is taken care by Alder Tours and Travels. Most of the time it gets done in a day however can go to the extend of 24-72 working hours.
The link is shown here : http://www.aldertoursntravels.com/temporary-inner-line-permit
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) / Protected Area Permit (PAP)
Foreign Tourist are no longer required to obtain any permit before visiting Nagaland. This was done to promote tourism to the North East and permit requirements were relaxed for foreigners. However citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals of Pakistani origin, are required to obtain a special permit with the prior approval of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
For more detail information about RAP/PAP you may check the Ministry of Home Affairs FAQ.