Assam is the biggest state of all the eight states comprising in Northeast India and serves as a major gateway to the northeastern corner of India. It shares borders with the countries of Bhutan and Bangladesh and is surrounded by the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya, which together with Assam, are called the Seven Sister States of the country. Assam is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur in the east, Bangladesh and Tripura in the West, and Mizoram and Meghalaya in the south. Dispur, a locality of Guwahati City, is the capital of Assam while Guwahati is the commercial capital and connect to the rest of the world with an International airport and the biggest railway network among all the north eastern states.
Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of Assam are an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process. The natives of the state of Assam are known as “Asomiya” (Assamese), which is also the state language of Assam. Geographically, Assam can be divided into Brahmaputra valley in the north, Barak plain in the south, and Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills that divides the two regions. The Brahmaputra river system that flows down from the Himalayas is one of the largest in the world river system in the world and offers the land and valley good soil for cultivation. From time immemorial, the people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen. Artists, sculptors, masons, weavers, spinners, potters, goldsmiths, artisans of ivory, wood, bamboo, cane and hide have flourished in Assam from ancient times. Weaving is one traditional craft that every Assamese woman takes pride in. The Assamese women produce silk and cotton clothes of exquisite designs in their looms. Assam is renowned for its exquisite silks namely Eri, Pat and the world famous Muga silk.
Assam is blessed with varieties of flora and fauna including the world famous the Great Indian One Horned Rhino, Pigmy Hog, Royal Bengal Tiger, Elephant, Swamp Deer, Gangetic Dolphin, Wild Buffalo, , etc, and many others. Assam also has variety of birds like the Greater Adjutant Stork, Spotbilled Pelican, Lesser Adjutant Stork, King Vulture, Great Hornbills, Long-billed and Spotted Wren-babblers, Large and Coral-billed Scimitar Babblers, Laughingthrush, White winged wood duck, Bengal Florican, etc. Assam has approximately 34% forest cover, with dense tropical forests of bamboo and, at higher elevations, evergreens. Different species of flora grows in Assam as the whole valley is scattered with lakes, and hence, wetland. The valley is an important breeding ground for Greater and Lesser Adjutant Storks, both globally threatened species.
There are a number of Wildlife Sanctuaries Assam, Some of the popular wildlife sanctuaries are Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaziranga National Park, The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, Dibru-Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary, East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary, Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Bordoibam Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary, Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary. Kaziranga National Park is one of the most happening sanctuary in Assam, having an area of about 800 sq kms, harbours the world’s largest population of Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis, and contains about 15 species of India’s threatened mammals. Elephants and other animals migrate with the advent of the monsoon and head southwards to the Mikir Hills and beyond to avoid the annual flooding of the national park in 1981. The numerous water bodies are rich reservoirs of food (including fish) and thousands of migratory birds,
Assam is an embodiment of the natural beauty and grace, a true representative of the region, has been at the centre stage of tourist attraction. The ungrudging blessings of nature have made tourism in Assam essentially nature-centric, despite the fact there are historical and religious places of tourist attraction.